The Department of Transportation has a section in the Hazardous Materials Regulations on how to proper load and unload hazardous materials. These rules are found in Part 177, Subpart B – Loading and Unloading. There are general requirements which states that any package containing any hazardous materials, not permanently attached to a motor vehicle, must be secured against shifting, including relative motion between packages, within the vehicle on which it is being transported, under conditions normally incident to transportation.
Packages having values or other fitting must be loaded in a manner to minimize the likelihood of damage during the transportation of hazardous materials.
Each package must be loaded on a transport vehicle or freight container in accordance with all required markings and must remain in the correct position indicated by the marking during transportation.
For all you of who smoke – there are rules about when you are not to smoke during loading and unloading. The regulations state – smoking on or about any motor vehicle while loading or unloading any Class 1, Class 3, Class 4, Class 5 and or Division 2.1 is strickly forbidden. My advice – just don’t light up by any hazardous materials – as some hazardous materials could ignite easily.
For vehicles – the handbrake must be set while loading or unloading of hazardous materials. Other precautions measures are to be considered as well – such as the setting of chocks between the wheels of the vehicle.
Tools. Only tools that are less likely to cause damage of any closure of a hazardous material package are allowed.
These are only a few of the requirements found in this section of the regulation. Please visit www.mounce.net for more information.